Monday, May 25, 2020

Capitalism The Highest Stage Of Capitalism - 1538 Words

Since Vladimir Lenin was a Marxist and socialist he was opposed to global capitalism, and his book of Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism points out some of his main arguments regarding the capitalism as a whole. He regarded World War 1 as an imperialist war, caused by pressures that arose from an immediate development of several European empires. The central nations of capitalism participated to expand their exploitative sphere, which led to the conflict of interests and eventually produced the Great War . Although in Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, Lenin characterized capitalism as a source of gaining the great profit, a closer reading of his narrative suggest that capitalism leads to a class exploitation by maximization of power, and total control of the economic system. The key to understanding the effect of capitalism and the power control can be seen in Lenin’s concentration of production and monopolies, which he described in his book. He believed that monopoly was a switch from capitalism to a higher system, and based on Marx’s law of concentration the market supremacy in capitalism belongs to a few cartels, syndicate and trusts, and emerging capital of banks that handle the thousands of millions. In addition to this, cartels, syndicates and trusts divide among themselves the whole internal market of a particular country, and enact their control that gives them a various power over the society and whole system. And concentration goes furtherShow MoreRelatedThe changing of Democracy Essay1124 Words   |  5 Pagesit. Democracy is not a static idea. It changes as the culture and opinions of the nation change. As the culture, economy, and social classes evolve, the ways that people perceive the idea of what democracy really means change as well. In the early stages of American democracy, the people whose ideas were considered for the government were free white males who owned land. These men had relatively wealthy stat uses. Although this allowed for a limited number of participants in the â€Å"democratic† governmentRead MoreRelationship Between The Worker And The Capitalist997 Words   |  4 PagesIn recent times, inequality has been found on high levels all around the world, this is due to how the market functions and the relationship between the worker and the capitalist. In this essay, the characteristics of Capitalism will be described followed by an analysis of how it produces wealth inequality, however a political economical approach will be used. Emphasized are the thoughts of Karl Marx and Adam Smith. To begin with, Adam Smith in his book Nature and Causes of the Wealth of NationsRead MoreThe Expansion Of Capitalism Has Hindered The Developing Countries Of Asia, Africa And Latin America1490 Words   |  6 PagesThis paper seeks to indubitably forward that the expansion of capitalism has hindered ‘the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America’, therefore contributing to poverty: The state of being extremely poor’. Capitalism is an economic system, dependent solely on capital: the force that increases the productivity of labour, creating ‘wealth of nations.’ Adam Smith expressed capitalism’s exclusivity, driven by the ‘invisible hand’ mechanism, exclusive to developed countries and capable ofRead More1.According To Seidman There Is Three Types Of Styles Of1116 Words   |  5 Pagespolitical action you use this method because of the potential to make the world a better place. 2. Weber and Marx both view capitalism as negative to human behavior. Weber focus on how capitalism brought a new way to make money and Weber focuses more on the actual labor after human behavior. Weber calls the notion of being trapped by capitalism as an iron cage. Because of capitalism we have lost the desire to make money for its own sake. People have become money making machines with the religious inspirationRead MoreThe Hidden Agenda of New Imperialism909 Words   |  4 Pageswar. Each nation thinking they were the superpower blinded by their newly found nationalism. As Lenin argued, in Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism (1917), that imperialism is an economic necessity of the industrialized capitalist economies, seeking to offset the declining tendency of the rate of profit, by exporting capital. It is the monopoly stage of capitalism. Each country having entered the war with their own personal gain in mind therefore they all become responsible for the World WarRead MoreThe Prisoners in Platos Allegory of the Cave1116 Words   |  4 PagesAt the worker level, there are many hardships. They are forced to work and pay taxes. Like the prisoners in Platos Cave, they dont know what is capitalism and consumerism. They might have heard of the word but the level above them have kept a strict circulation of information about it. Happiness is success to them. They think of success as being promoted to the upper level. It could be done by producing an heir that helps them escape or through their own hard work. Platos Cave refer to this levelRead MoreApplication of Marxist Theory of Socialism in Philippine Setting1647 Words   |  7 PagesIt is both a critical analysis of and an answer to the excesses of capitalism. Its basic theoretical foundations are dialectical materialism, labor theory of value, and class struggle. It embodies two primary concepts, namely abolition of private ownership of the means of production and centralized economic planning in contrast to private ownership of property and free enterprise in capitalism. Socialist society is a transitory stage under the dictatorship of proletariat towards communism. Co-ExistenceRead MoreNew Zealand Essay1355 Words   |  6 Pagessun exposure which have led to high rates of skin cancer in New Zealand. A description about the problem, the relation to capitalism, business concept on solving the problem and how the problem affects the business environment has been detailed in this report. Problem Identified Melanoma is known to be one of the most serious types of skin cancer. The country with the highest melanoma incident rate recorded in the world is New Zealand. This type of cancer occurs when there is too much UV radiationRead MoreThe Marxist Theory Is The Political And Economic Theories Influenced By German Theorists852 Words   |  4 Pagesusually nobility or upper classes; the main forces of production include extremely complex agriculture. â€Å"Early and late capitalism†, early capitalism main form of property is the ownership of objects and services through state guaranteed contract. The main forces of production include the whole system of modern production above all economics. Late capitalism is where capitalism cannot withstand itself and, socialism arises as its replacement. The socialist mode of production is the post-capitalistRead MoreEconomic Imperialism and Colonial Control in Canada1363 Words   |  5 PagesGentlemanly Capitalism and British Imperialism: The New Debate on Empire. Harlow, U.K., 2009. Jackson, Peter. Rematerializing Social and Cultural Geography. Social Cultural Geography 1, no. 1 (2000): 9-14. Riley, Mark, and David Harvey. Talking Geography: On Oral History and the Practice of Geography. Social Cultural Geography 8, no. 3 (2007): 345-351. Cain, P. J., and A. G. Hopkins. British Imperialism. 2 vols. Harlow, U.K., 2003. Lenin, Vladimir Ilich. Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism

Monday, May 18, 2020

Week 5 assignment Instructional Practices for Emergent...

Instructional Practices for Emergent Literacy Learners Edica Liebl Walden University Dr. Holcomb READ - 6706O: Literacy Development PreK-3 August 2, 2015 Instructional Practices for Emergent Literacy Learners Part I – Lesson Plan Teacher: Edica Liebl Date: July 29, 2015 Age/Grade Range; Developmental Level(s): 6-7-year-olds, entering 1st grade in the fall, emergent-beginning readers Anticipated Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes Lesson Foundations Pre-assessment (including cognitive and non-cognitive measures): For the pre-assessment, I will hold a discussion with the students on what they know about astronauts, including what is needed for travel to the moon, how astronauts stay safe and what tools they use on the†¦show more content†¦Non-cognitive measure will be observed and noted during the use of the Reciprocal Teaching Strategy Instructional Knowledge and Skills Reciprocal teaching strategy Step #2 Question generation Students read the introduction section of the text and generate purposeful questions. Teacher records questions. Reciprocal teaching strategy Step #3 Summarizing Teacher guided summary of the introduction section of the informational text. Summary starts with â€Å"This section was about†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬  Students generate ideas while the teacher writes a summary. Reciprocal teaching strategy Step #4 Clarifying Students and teacher discuss reasons a text may be difficult such as 1. Vocabulary 2. Text organization 3. Unfamiliar content Prior to reading the text, I will review difficult words that the students may not know that will appear in the text: crater, footprints, gravity, lunar, rocket, and rover. The groups will then read the selection. Afterward, vocabulary words will be reviewed, and the students will read the text aloud. The student read aloud will serve as a formative assessment on fluency and word recognition. Informal assessment of vocabulary will happens during and after the students read the text aloud. Synthesis/Closure Graphic Organizer – Spider Concept Map To finalize and share information, the students will fill in the Spider ConceptShow MoreRelatedSupporting the Development of English Literacy in English Language Learners22851 Words   |  92 PagesSUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LITERACY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS Key Issues and Promising Practices Diane August August Associates Report No. 61 February 2003 This report was published by the Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk (CRESPAR), a national research and development center supported by a grant (No. R-117-D40005) from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education. The content or opinions expressedRead MoreCurrent Issues and Trends in Assessment in Early Childhood Education6428 Words   |  26 Pagesprovided the following: Training for nearly 50,000 Head Start teachers in the best techniques Assurance that preschool programs are more closely coordinated with K–12 educational programs A research effort to identify effective early literacy programs and practices (Grissom, personal communication, April 4, 2002). The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 NCLB requires states to do the following: Provide public school choice and supplemental services for students in failing schools as early as fall 2002Read MoreHigh Frequency Words7550 Words   |  31 Pageswords that students encounter frequently in reading and writing. It is critical that readers and writers develop automaticity (automatic recognition), a skill that leads to fluency. Many beginners in reading need explicit instruction with repeated practice to learn the high frequency words. By third grade, most students have initially come across high frequency words. If pupils are reading grade level passages frequently, they learn to internalize them. For pupils in third grade and beyond, explicitRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesindexes. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-283487-2 ISBN-10: 0-13-283487-1 1. Organizational behavior. I. Judge, Tim. II. Title. HD58.7.R62 2012 658.3—dc23 2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Diversity in Organizations 39 Attitudes and Job Satisfaction 69 Emotions and Moods 97 Personality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision MakingRead MoreMarketing Management130471 Words   |  522 PagesDBA 1652 Marketing Management UNIT -- I Unit No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Unit Title Marketing management – an introduction Marketing environment Marketing with other functional areas of management Market segmentation Market targeting and positioning Product management Brand management Pricing Channel design and management Retailing and Wholesaling Integrated Marketing Communication Advertising management Sales promotion Personal selling Public

Friday, May 15, 2020

Divorce Is A Poor Attitude Toward Marriage Essay - 1458 Words

Divorce is in two folds; some people agree with divorce while others disagree with divorce. It’s reasonable for one to concur with divorce because nowadays people always make mistakes within their lives. The couple will at some point move on to an agreement of divorcing because at some point in the relationship they realized they are not compatible due to situations arising that may threaten life. On the contrary, people oppose the issue of divorce, because those who are couples should know what marriage is, and not abuse the love they share with one another. Couple should respect what marriage stand for, and make sure it is what they want before jumping into it in the first place. Obviously, at this contemporary time society has a poor attitude toward marriage because of the prevalence of divorce, and the damage divorce does to children’s emotional development in society. In many cases divorce arises from life threaten and infidelity situations, this makes divorce nece ssary and can be supported by family members and friends. If there has been adultery in the marriage, or if there is physical/emotional abuse that causes the children s to be scary and stressed out all the time, then divorce is justifiable in that regard. Nobody should be coerced or compromise their safety to live with an aggressive and arrogant partner. Children should not also be reared in a violent relationship because that will inevitably affect their psychological wellbeing and corrupt them as futureShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Parental Divorce On Children1604 Words   |  7 PagesDivorce is an event which presents a drastic change into anyone’s life, no matter what their age is. Witnessing love between parents deteriorate, having parents break a significant commitment, adapting to going back and forth between two different households, and living with only one parent, all create a challenging environment in which to grow up and live in. However, especially for young children, parental divorce is a turning point in their life. After a divorce, the life that follows is significantlyRead MoreDivorce Essay1166 Words   |  5 PagesDivorce is an event which presents a drastic change into anyone’s life, no matter what their age is. Witnessing love between parents deteriorate, having parents break a significant commitment, adapting to going back and forth between two different households, and living with only one parent, all create a challenging environment in which to grow up and live in. However, especially for young children, parental divorce is a turning point in their life. After a divorce, the life that follows is significantlyRead MoreDivorce And The Effects On Child Development1577 Words   |  7 Pages Divorce and the Effects on Child Development Nicole Harris Child Development- PSYC 3026-20 Simpson University July 3, 2015 Divorce and the Effects on Child Development Although needed in severe cases of abuse, divorce harmfully impacts, wives husbands and children. The lack of understanding of the primary nature of marriage has brought about a withdrawal from the institution of marriage. Parents need to slow on the uptake and proceed with care before the decision is made that divorce isRead MoreThe Issue Of Marriage And Divorce1490 Words   |  6 Pages Marriage and divorce has always been a tricky subject for many couples, the fear of rejection, starting a family or hurting their other counterpart can come to play in many situations throughout their relationship. Traditionally marriages were known to be a sacred bond between two individuals. This bond can be between two heterosexuals or two individuals of the same sex. On May 17th, 2004 Massachusetts became the first state to allow all same-sex marriages (Dinno 2013). In Canada same-sex marriagesRead MoreThe Downside Of Living Together1203 Words   |  5 PagesNow in 2012, which discusses effect from cohabitation. Jay points out that couples who cohabitate before marriage are more liable to divorce as opposed to couples who do not. Jay states that reasons to cohabitate often differ between partners. Women tend to see cohabitation as an act toward marriage. In contrary, men lean towards the idea that cohabitation is a form of a â€Å"test† or postpone marriage in a relationship. Jay continues that sometimes it is hard to get out of a cohabitation relationship dueRead MoreCommunication Is A Cornerstone Of Building A Strong Relationship1247 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Communication is a cornerstone of building a strong relationship (Robinson, 2012). Numerous studies show that marriages that do not have an effective communication between partners easily end up in divorces. Researchers have identified the habits that people have that hinder effective communication in marriages (Kusi Kusi, 2015). These habits are: avoiding the expression of honest feelings and opinions about issues; failing to listen to a partner and being quick to react to the partner’sRead MoreThe Issue Of Premarital Sex848 Words   |  4 Pagesto be a proclamation of premarital sex. (Gault-Sherman Draper, 2012). As attitudes toward cohabitation have become progressively acceptable, it has become increasingly prevalent in today’s culture. (Gault-Sherman Draper, 2012). As a result, there has been a decline in the number of couples that are choosing marriage. Research indicates the likelihood of divorce is increased when a couple lives together prior to marriage, in creasing 166% if the wife had premarital sex and cohabited with anotherRead MoreFamilial Support For Children During The Stressful Period Of Divorce Essay1605 Words   |  7 Pagessupport for children. In many cases, parents or other family members are not able to be as supportive to their children during the stressful period surrounding divorce. One study by Amato (1993) noted that divorce is one of the life’s most stressful occurrences, and adults experience significant difficulty in their life adjustment after the divorce, which may impact their interactions with their children. Parents are less emotionally available during this time (Riggio Valenzuela, 2011), and the helpRead MoreHow Divorce Has Changed Changing Society1491 Words   |  6 Pagesis divorce. Divorce is defined as the legal process of dissolving a marriage, thus separating two individuals (Merriam). From generation to generation, divorce has been on a steady increase. The annual rate of divorce more than doubled between the mid-1960s and the early 1980s (Croteau). As of recent, statistics show an increase in divorce rates from less than 20% to nearly 50% since 1960 (Croteau). Throughout history, divorce has remained a controversial topic. Perceptions of divorce haveRead MoreEssay Life After Divorce1088 Words   |  5 Pagesyes, well if you do it wouldn’t hurt you to know that the divorce rate is over 50 %! Marriage, sacred by religion and respected by older generations, doesn’t always last forever, within the last fifty years the divorce rate has increased by more than half of all marriages ending in divorce. There is many factors as to why two people divorce and its effects on the adults and children in the family. In my opinion the top three effects of divorce are former lovers losing feelings, economic troubles, and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Biography Of Sigismund Schlomo Freud s The...

Sigismund Schlomo Freud was an Austrian born neurologist, more widely known as Sigmund Freud and often regarded as the father of psychoanalysis. Possibly his most notable work , psychoanalysis , or ‘’the talking cure’’ as it is now known, was developed to help the mentally ill through dream analysis .One of his earliest influences was the French doctor , Jean Charcot, who employed hypnosis in treating his patients’ hysteria. Unlike Charcot, who was trying to cure those who suffered from hysteria, Freud was engrossed with the causes of the disease. Freud’s friend and colleague, Josef Breuer, helped him in advancing methods by collaborating with him on the book ‘’Studies on Hysteria’’. He then went through a period of self-analysis and further expanded his studies about the meaning of dreams which then led to the publication of his book ‘’The interpretation of dreams ‘’. One of Freud’s most significant followers was the young Carl Jung. The two collaborated very successfully at first , with Freud regarding Jung as his protà ©gà © but later on separating due to Jung’s disagreement with Freud’s theories. Despite being considered false and extremely controversial, his theories continue causing disputes within the science community to this day. One of the most universally criticized and disputed of Freud’s theories is that of the psychosexual stages. According to him, a person’s personality develops in five fixed stages, at each of which the person’s energy force, or libido as heShow MoreRelatedSigmund Freud s Theory Of Psychology1568 Words   |  7 Pages Freud Sigmund Yifan Wang Current issues in history Vanier College 2014-11-11 Freud Sigmund In the 19th century, people progressed toward a new era of scientific revolution with new inventions and technologies. Doctors find treatment to heal cancer and people lives longer than before. On the other hand, Freud Sigmund the Jewish psychiatrist offered a new cure to mental illness that individual suffers from (The European Graduate School, 2012). Although he may have the most of influence

Client paper - 865 Words

As social service professionals we will come across many clients from all walks of life that unfortunately are facing so many problems. Many people experience hardship and they just simply need help. As a professional in this field our work is to help our clients with whatever needs they may have at that time. The ultimate and main goal is to help the client become self-sufficient. Help them learn new skills as well as provide referrals to resources when needed. The job is to help provide the clients with alternatives to what they are going thru at that time. Nothing is easy but the result is for the client to be better off from before they enter the door. Human service workers support such a diverse population of clients no matter the age†¦show more content†¦In certain cases, they will need help obtaining housing, on a more severe level they will also need help with some mental issues they may have experience due to the circumstances that have occurred to them while in the military. Another client would be a disable veteran, these clients require more in depth help therefore referrals can be done. Another problem facing social service clients is people with disabilities. Helping clients with disabilities focus on helping them live independently, in other words help them care for themselves. Becoming self-sufficient. Sometimes depending on the disability the client may have you can refer the client to a rehabilitation center that will help the client adapt to their disability. For the disabled clients that cannot by any means take care of themselves the social service worker can help locate a great residential facility. Another problem that clients face is abuse. Abuse can be verbal, physical, emotional and mental. The clients facing this problem sometimes do not see a problem until it is too late. When helping these clients one must take into consideration the frame of mind the client may be in. Many of these clients are damage mentally and may refus e help, therefore earning their trust is eminent. Clients in this state of mind need in depth counseling, many are broken, in distress and many physically hurt.Show MoreRelatedThin Client Computer Lab Paper7325 Words   |  30 PagesDvorak Technology Academy Thin Client Computer Lab Project Submitted by James I. Davis TIE-532 November 30, 2008 Thin Client Computer Lab Project - page 2 Thin Client Computer Lab Project Introduction Computers are an integral part of 21st century life, and as such technology education is recognized as part of the Illinois Learning Standards (ISBE, 2008). A computer lab is an efficient way to deliver access to computers and the Internet to students. Traditional labs, likeRead MoreClient Paper1104 Words   |  5 PagesClient Paper 2 When we are in the human service profession we meet many clients with many needs that have to have our help. These needs can range from abuse, alcohol, drugs, personal, mental and physical dysfunction. You can also come across a large range or family issues that can lead to many harder issues to deal with. When you work with such clients you have to gain their trust to maintain they get the help and services they need to be able to move on with their goals. As human services workersRead MoreClient Understanding Paper1442 Words   |  6 PagesClient Understanding Paper ACC/541 April 01, 2013 Abstract As a newly hired Staff I there will be a responsibility to analyze the work papers for the organization’s clients. In this situation a client is not clear about why a Staff I is asking for information on adjusting lower of cost or market inventory valuation, capitalizing interest on building construction, recording gain or loss on asset disposal, and adjusting goodwill for impairment and requires explanations on these topics. An explanationRead MoreClient Understanding Paper1223 Words   |  5 PagesClient Understanding Paper ACC 541 5/26/2014 La Toyia Tilley Running head: CLIENT UNDERSTANDING PAPER 1 CLIENT UNDERSTANDING PAPER 2 Client Understanding Paper In the course of normal business operations certain transactions require specific treatment in accordance with generally accepted accounting procedures (GAAP). To properly prepare financial statements, the analysis of working papers is imperative to insuring compliance. Clarification of why information is needed about adjustingRead MoreClient Understanding Paper1727 Words   |  7 PagesUniversity of Phoenix ACC/541 Client Understanding Paper As per your request of an analysis of the following topics: Adjusting lower of cost or market inventory on valuation, Capitalizing interest on building construction, Recording gain or loss on asset disposal, and Adjusting goodwill for impairment. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) established clear guidelines addressing the items mentioned above. I will outline that FASB generally accepted accounting standards (GAAP) affectRead MoreClient Understanding Paper1665 Words   |  7 PagesClient Understanding Paper Accounting Issue: When and why to adjust inventory values to lower of cost or market? Sources: 330-10-35-1 35-1 A departure from the cost basis of pricing the inventory is required when the utility of the goods is no longer as great as their cost. Where there is evidence that the utility of goods, in their disposal in the ordinary course of business, will be less than cost, whether due to physical deterioration, obsolescence, changes in price levels, or other causesRead MoreClient Paper BSHS 3051192 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Client paper Name of student Name of tutor Course Institution’s name Date Client paper Understanding the needs, concerns and the attitudes of the clients is important on the part of the client human services providers, since it will help them to provide quality services to the clients. Some social, cultural, and personal factors do affect the provision of services to the clients. For a client to gain quality and satisfaction on the goods that are being provided by theRead MorePenetration Testing On Online Gaming Industry Essay2006 Words   |  9 Pageswidely used to audit the security protection of information. It employs the same or similar techniques to those used in a genuine attack. Penetration test at its very center aims at an â€Å"illegitimate acquisition of legitimate authorization†.In this paper, I tried to discuss about penetration testing and how it can be used in online gaming industry to make it a safe and reliable zone for the professionals and also for the amateur players. Keywords Penetration testing, Ethical hacking, Security, VulnerabilityRead MoreClient Care Paper : Mental Illness746 Words   |  3 PagesClient Care Paper Mental illness affects 1 in 5 adults in the United States. This amounts to about 43.8 million or 18.5% of adults in the United States (Any Mental Illness Among U.S Adults, n.d). This shows how prevalent mental illness really is in our society. More specifically, Bipolar Disorder is found in about 2.6% of the adult population (Bipolar Disorder Among Adults, n.d). Bipolar disorder ranges in severity but the majority of the cases are considered severe. Bipolar Disorder is brokenRead MoreThe Computer For The 21st Century975 Words   |  4 PagesI. Introduction A Computing history[1] began with the centralized computing and followed with Client Server Computing.,furthermore, took after with Client Server Computing ,Web Computing, and Pervasive/Ubiquitious computing applications are found to work in an open, dynamic, and adaptable condition also, have enough flexibility in choice and use of administrations whenever and put. The high impulse and heterogeneity of pervasive computing incorporate self-versatile applications[2] that are fundamental

Week Thirteen Essay Example For Students

Week Thirteen Essay TaoismIt is always present in you. You can use it anyway you want. Lao-tzuTaoism is one of the two great philosophical and religious traditionsthat originated in China. The other philosophy native to China isConfucianism. Both Taoism and Confucianism began at about the same time,around the sixth century B.C. Chinas third great religion, Buddhism, cameto China from India around the second century of the common era. Together,these three faiths have shaped Chinese life and thought for nearly twenty-five hundred years. One dominate concept in Taoism and Buddhism is thebelief in some form of reincarnation. The idea that life does not endwhen one dies is an integral part of these religions and the culture ofthe Chinese people. Although not accepted by our beliefs, itsunderstanding helps build strength in our own religion. Reincarnation,life after death, beliefs are not standardized between the religions. Each religion has a different way of applying this concept to its beliefs. Ignorance of these beliefs is a sign of weakness in the mind. To trulyunderstand ones own religion, one must also understand those concepts ofthe other religions of the world. Hopefully this will be an enlightenmenton the reincarnation concepts as they apply to Taoism and Buddhism. The goal in Taoism is to achieve tao, to find the way. Tao is theultimate reality, a presence that existed before the universe was formedand which continues to guide the world and everything in it. Tao issometimes identified as the Mother, or the source of all things. Thatsource is not a god or a supreme being as with Christians, for Taoism isnot monotheistic. The focus is not to worship one god, but instead oncoming into harmony with tao. Tao is the essence of everything that isright, and complications exist only because people choose to complicatetheir own lives. Desire, ambition, fame, and selfishness are seen ashindrances to a harmonious life. It is only when one rids himself of alldesires can tao be achieved. By shunning every earthly distraction, theTaoist is able to concentrate on life itself. The longer the ones life,the closer to tao one is presumed to have become. Eventually the hope isto become immortal, to achieve tao, to have reached the deeper life. Thisis the afterlife for a Taoist to be in harmony with the universe. To understand the relationship between life and the Taoism concept oflife and death, the origin of the word tao must be understood. TheChinese character for tao is a combination of two characters thatrepresent the words head and foot. The character for foot represents apersons direction or path. The character for head represents a consciouschoice. The character for head also suggests a beginning, and foot, anending. Thus the character for tao also conveys the continuing course ofthe universe, the circle of heaven and earth. Finally, the characterfor tao represents the Taoist notion that the eternal Tao is both movingand unmoving. The head in the character means the beginning, the sourceof all things, or Tao itself, which never moves or changes; the foot isthe movement on the path. Taoism upholds the belief in the survival of the spirit after death. Tohave attained the human form must be always a source of joy for the Taoist. It is truly a reason to rejoice because despite whatever is lost, lifealways endures. Taoists believe birth is not a beginning and death is notan end. There is an existence without limit. There is continuity withouta starting point. Applying reincarnation theory to Taoism is the beliefthat the soul never dies, a persons soul is eternal. It is possible tosee death in contrast to life; both are unreal and changing. Ones souldoes not leave the world into the unknown, for it can never go away. Therefore there is no fear to come with death. Wuthering Heights Persuasive EssayCompliance to the path does not guarantee reaching Nirvana, but it isthe only path that leads to Nirvana. Only through following this pathestablished by Buddha does a Buddhist have a chance to reachenlightenment to free oneself from the continuous rounds of birth,death and rebirth, to have reached the ultimate goal to be absorbedinto a state of Nirvana. The goal in both Taoism and Buddhism is to reach the ultimate goal, totranscend life on earth as a physical being, to achieve harmony withnature and the universe. The ultimate goal for both religions is toachieve immortality. The Taoist called this ultimate goal Tao, while theBuddhist seek Nirvana. Whatever the name, the followers of thesereligions believe there is an existence beyond life which can be achievedprovided the right path or behavior is followed. The path to Tao and Nirvana are similar, yet different. Both believethere is an inner light which guides a person in the right direction tothe ultimate goal. Personal desires must be forsaken to enable the innerlight to guide a person to achieve eternal bliss. The teachings thatdiscuss the inner light of a person are as well renowned in the Taophilosophy as that of the Buddhist. The inner light that is sought issimilar, but the actual path is the primary difference between Taoism andBuddhism. The path toward enlightenment for the Buddhist was defined byBuddha in his Eightfold Path. Only through following this path does theBuddhist reach Nirvana. The path to Tao is individual, it comes fromwithin. No one can define a path for the Taoist, it must come from within. Tao means the way, but this way is never taught. Desire, ambition, fame,and selfishness are seen as complications to the end. That idea isconsistent with Buddhist teachings; it is the personal life of eachindividual that gives Taoism its special form. Taoism and Buddhism perceive life, death and rebirth as a continuouscycle. This cycle has no beginning and no end. The soul is eternal, yetthe soul is not the object of reincarnation. Taoist believe the soul isnot reborn. Instead it migrates to another life. Buddhist also believethe soul is not reborn, but instead consciousness is the object of rebirth. One major difference between Taoism and Buddhism is the concept of karmato the Buddhist. This idea that all actions are the display of thought,the will of man, is known as karma. Karma determines the Buddhist actionsand position in life. A persons karma limits the goals which can beachieved. Karma determines where in the cycle of birth, death and rebirththe consciousness returns. This return can be in the form of an animal orhuman, and the Buddhist must progress through a hierarchy to achieveNirvana. The Taoist has no concept similar to karma, and no mention ofthe soul migrating to an animal form. The determining factor to oneslife is contained in the individual behavior for the Taoist. By forsakingpersonal desires in life, by concentrating of the self, a longer life isprolonged. Eventually, by following the inner light, immortality can beachieved. The similarities between Taoism and Buddhism in the belief of life afterdeath far outweigh the differences. Both religions believe the individualmust focus on the self to achieve the ultimate goal. To focus on oneself,all desires and personal ambitions must be forsaken. One must focus on theself and the proper way of life to reach immortality. The cycle of lifecontinues indefinitely until the Thread of Life is broken. Only throughproper living, by following the correct path guided by the inner light,can one achieve the ultimate goal of Tao or Nirvana. Word Count: 2015Words/ Pages : 1,979 / 24

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Optimal Oil Production And The World Supply Of Oil

Question: Describe about How Low Oil Prices Affect The Ad And As of an Economy? Answer: Introduction: A vital energy source for the world is oil. It continues to be important from the time immemorial. Oil affects the entire functioning of the economy. Everything depends on the availability of petroleum. Petroleum is rock oil. This is formed by organic matters that are present deep inside the surface of the earth. The development of petroleum significantly affects the producers and the consumers alike. Statistics has shown that oil provided about 34 percentages of the global oil needs. It is expected that in future the oil demand would increase to a massive extent. It has been projected by the International Energy Agency that oil would provide the 30 percentages of the energy demands by the year 2030. Saudi Arabia holds huge reserves of oil (Aleksandrov, Espinoza and Gyurko , 2012). About 18 percentages of the world oil are possessed by Saudi Arabia. It ranks among the largest exporters of oil in the country. The countrys 50 percentages of GDP is accounted from the oil and gas indu stry. It also holds other resources like the gold, iron ore copper, and natural gas. Factors that lead to the determination of oil prices: The oil prices are governed by some factors they are basically how the global market performs and the demand and supply that occurs in the world market. It is seen that the following factors are very crucial to the oil price determination: 1. The economy of China: China is seen as a large consumer of oil after the United States. Due to this increase there is a question as to how much increase is likely in the coming years. It is expected that Chine would increase its consumption of oil by more the 3 million barrels in coming 2020. There was a slight fall in the growth in the first quarter but the Chinas economy will continue to affect the oil prices in 2015 (Asia Dept, 2013). 2. The Elasticity of Demand: The countries that have regulated prices of oil have low prices in the retail market. The countries like Indonesia are no longer offering any subsidies on petroleum products and, as a result, this will be considered as a disadvantage for the consumers. The gasoline prices of the United States are below 2.4 dollars per gallon. This has led to more gas consumption (Farndon, 2012). With low prices of oil, there could be higher demand of the product that as a result would send the process up high. 3. OPECs Move: The credit to the low oil prices can be given to the body of OPEC. Saudi Arabia has taken a stand to cut no more the quotas of production. The oil price has crushed by the meeting by the cartel in November 2014 (Fund, 2011). 4. Geopolitical difference: The political unrest in the Iraq and Syria has caused the global prices of oil to shot up (Haerens, 2010). Libya violences during the year 2014 had blocked the exports of oil. The geo-political crisis plays a very important role in the effect the prices of for a short interval. Global low oil price and its effects: A low price has both advantages and disadvantages to it. With low oil prices, the importing country can enjoy increased consumption of oil. The overall prices in the economy are also lowered with fall in oil prices (Jain and Ghosh, 2013). This eventually lowers the inflation also. This has a very short term effect. As the resources like oil that is limited in supply may result in shortage due to increased consumption. On the other hand, the oil exporting country is at the loss (Moosa, 2015). Much of the resources are utilized for the exploration and drilling and the owners they dont get the proper price so that they can continue to be in business. The people engaged in the oil industry also face threat to their jobs because many oil industries face a shutdown. The unemployment rate in the economy is also seen to increase. Effect Of Low Oil Price On The Saudi Arabian Economy: Saudi Arabia as the largest exporting and producing countries: Saudi Arabia is the largest states in the Arab in the Western Asia when compared to the area of land size. It occupies the large part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the only nation that is bordered by the Red Sea as well as the Persian Gulf (Nakaya, 2006). It has a huge carbon reserve making it a tore House of oil reserves. The command economy of Saudi Arabia is petroleum based. The oil reserves of Saudi Arabia accounts for about 260 billion barrels. This means that the country holds about one-fifth of the total oil reserves of the world. During the 1990s, the oil revenues of Saudi Arabia fell and to top the growth of population was also very high. The per capita income also fell to a remarkable level. Saudi Arabia is among the OPEC members. The OPEC has limited its members based on the production of their proven reserves (Once again the global recovery is threatened by rising oil prices, 2012). Current Trend of the Saudi Arabian Oil Market: The following chart shows the trend in the crude oil production for the year 2015 from the month of January to June. Saudi Arabia Crude Oil Production Months Jan, 2015 February,2015 March, 2015 April,2015 May, 2015 June, 2015 Crude Oil Production: 9680 9636 10294 10308 10333 10564 The above bar diagram shows that how the production of crude oil has increased in the country Saudi Arabia from January, 2015 to June, 2015 the crude oil production was low in the month of January and February with about 9680 and 9636 billion barrels respectively. Low Oil Price and its Effect in the Saudi Arabia Economy: Saudi Arabia is one of the influential members of the OPEC. With the global oil prices falling, the only thing that it can do is to cut back on its production as much as possible. This sign, on the other hand, is not revealed by the countrys oil owners. This could be due to two reasons to introduce discipline in the members of the OPEC or to pressurize the United States shale oil and gas industry. The country needs oil prices to be around 85 dollars in the long term. Due to its large reserve funds it was able to stand the low prices (Saudi Arabia may be about to revive stalled gas programme, 2006). The production of oil began to pose a challenge to the United States oil production. Due to large reserves of foreign exchanges by the country the country would be able to survive the low oil prices. The Saudi Arabias long interest rate may serve as a way for the cheaper oil prices. Public spending has raised less as compared to the rise in the foreign reserves (Speight, 2013). The assets were quantifies 2.8 trillion riyals in August 2014. The reason for the country to survive the oil prices was the saving that it incurred when the barrel cost was just 100 dollars. In this economy, it is very difficult to cut on the government schemes and spending. The low oil prices will lead to affecting the social and economic chaos in the Gulf countries that would have a ripple effect on the economy of Saudi Arabia. To cut on the public expenditure is very difficult for the economy. The main strategy of the country is to maintain the market share and sacrifice on the price to put pressure on the United States, who are increasing their production of sales (Survey: Saudi Arabia: outlook for the oil industry, 2011). Effects of low global prices of oil on the aggregate demand and aggregate supply of oil in the Saudi Arabia Economy Diagrammatic View. Oil prices play a major role in influencing the overall prices in any economy. Reduced oil prices have led to the availability of cheaper goods in the economy. We see the effect of AD and AS due to the low global oil prices in the Saudi Arabia economy. By aggregate demand, we mean the total of all the demand in the economy at a given point of time. While, aggregate supply means the total of the supply of goods and services in the economy. The aggregate supply curve in the short run is upward rising while the aggregate demand curve is downward sloping. The figure shows that the economy is at equilibrium A initially. The AD1 shows the aggregate demand while AS1 shows the aggregate supply curve. Due to the fall in global oil prices the aggregate supply curve shifts from AS1 to AS2 downward. Correspondingly the level of prices falls from P1 to P2. The aggregate demand curve is also seen to fall. This leads to the fall in the AD1 to AD2. The output as a result increases for the economy. With the lowering of the prices in the global market the Saudi Arabia economy would not face a negative impact. Conclusion: The abrupt fall in the oil prices will be beneficial for the countries that are into importing and would affect drastically the exporting countries. As Saudi Arabia country is into exporting of oil and much of the countrys GDP also depends on it so a low global oil prices would affect the economy in the long run scenario. The initial low oil prices may be beneficial for the country but it would show its gruesome face at a later point of time. References Aleksandrov, N., Espinoza, R. and Gyurko , L. (2012).Optimal oil production and the world supply of oil. [Washington, D.C.]: International Monetary Fund. Asia Dept, I. (2013).Saudi Arabia. Washington: International Monetary Fund. Farndon, J. (2012).Oil. New York: DK Pub. Fund, I. (2011).Will Natural Gas Prices Decouple from Oil Prices across the Pond?. Washington: International Monetary Fund. Haerens, M. (2010).Oil. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Greenhaven Press/Gale, Cengage Learning. Jain, A. and Ghosh, S. (2013). 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